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First Aid Information For Protesters In Iran

November 3, 2010

Emergency Checklist

This list describes your priorities in an emergency situation. Follow these steps:

  1. Evaluate the scene to protect yourself and others from injury or danger.
  2. Be calm and reassuring.
  3. Do not move the person unless he or she is in imminent danger or unless you cannot provide assistance without moving the person.
  4. Get help. Call out for someone to phone or, if the person does not need immediate assistance, make the call yourself.
  5. If the situation is a choking emergency, perform the Heimlich maneuver (see Choking).
  6. Look, listen, and feel for breathing (see Breathing Difficulties).
  7. Feel for a pulse to determine if the heart is beating.
  8. Control bleeding with direct pressure.
  9. Treat for shock.
  10. If the person is unconscious, move him or her into the recovery position.

اورژانس فهرست

اورژانس فهرست

این فهرست توصیف اولویت های خود را در وضعیت اضطراری. این مراحل را دنبال :

1. ارزیابی صحنه برای محافظت از خود و دیگران از آسیب یا خطر است.

2. آرام باش و قوت قلب.

3. آیا حرکت می کند مگر اینکه شخص او است در معرض خطر قریب الوقوع یا مگر اینکه شما می توانید کمک های بدون حرکت شخص فراهم نیست.

4. دریافت کمک کند. از تماس برای کسی که به تلفن و یا اگر شخص نشانی از کمک های فوری نیاز ندارد ، ایجاد تماس تلفنی در خود.

5. اگر وضع اضطراری از حرکت ایستاده ، انجام مانور Heimlich (نگاه کنید به خفگی).

6. نگاه کنید ، گوش کنید و احساس می کنم برای تنفس (نگاه کنید به مشکلات تنفسی).

7. احساس می کنم برای یک پالس برای تعیین اینکه آیا ضربان قلب.

8. کنترل خونریزی فشار مستقیم با.

9. برای درمان شوک.

10. اگر فرد بیهوش است ، حرکت او و یا او را به سمت بهبود.

Mouth to Mouth Resuscitation

CPR on a Child 8 Years or Older or on an Adult

Mouth-to-Mouth Resuscitation

Mouth-to-Mouth-and-Nose Resuscitation on a Child Under Age 8 or on an Infant

  • Place the child on a hard, flat surface.
  • Look into the mouth and throat to ensure that the airway is clear. If an object is present, try to sweep it out with your fingers. If unsuccessful and the object is blocking the airway, apply the Heimlich maneuver. If vomiting occurs, turn the child onto his or her side and sweep out the mouth with two fingers.
  • Tilt the head back slightly to open the airway.

 

  • Place your mouth tightly over the nose and mouth. Blow two quick, shallow breaths (smaller breaths than you would give to an adult). Watch for the chest to rise.
  • Remove your mouth. Look for the chest to fall as the child exhales.
  • Listen for the sounds of breathing. Feel for the child’s breath on your cheek. If breathing does not start on its own, repeat the procedure.


Mouth-to-Mouth Resuscitation on a Child Age 8 or Older or on an Adult

1. Make sure the person is lying on a hard, flat surface. Look into the mouth and throat to ensure that the airway is clear. If an object is present, try to sweep it out with your fingers (wear disposable surgical gloves if they are available). Apply the Heimlich maneuver (see p. 1205) if unsuccessful and the object is blocking the airway. If vomiting occurs, turn the person on his or her side and sweep out the mouth with two fingers. Do not place your finger in the mouth if the person is rigid or is having a seizure.

2. Tilt the head back slightly to open the airway. Put upward pressure on the jaw to pull it forward.

3. Pinch the nostrils closed with thumb and index finger. Place your mouth tightly over the person’s mouth. Use a mouthpiece if one is available. Blow two quick breaths and watch for the person’s chest to rise.

4. Release the nostrils. Look for the person’s chest to fall as he or she exhales. Listen for the sounds of breathing. Feel for the person’s breath on your cheek. If the person does not start breathing on his or her own, repeat the procedure.

1. Lay the person on a hard, flat surface. Look into the mouth and throat to ensure that the airway is clear. If an object is present, try to sweep it out with your fingers. Use disposable surgical gloves if they are available. If vomiting occurs, turn the person on his or her side and sweep out the mouth with two fingers. Do not place fingers in the mouth if there is rigidity or if the person is having a seizure.

CPR on a Child Under Age 8

Basic CPR on a child is five chest compressions and one breath. You may have to repeat the five compressions and one breath multiple times. You will push down on the chest 100 to 120 times per minute. Continue until breathing begins or help arrives.

* Kneel next to the child.

* With the fingers of the hand that is closest to the child’s feet, find the bottom of the breastbone.

* Place the heel of one hand below the nipples and above the bottom of the breastbone and push down forcefully, 1 1/2 inches with each compression; then let the chest rise. Count out loud: “1 and 2 and 3 and 4 and 5.”

* Then tilt the child’s head back slightly and form a seal with your mouth over the child’s mouth and nose (see Mouth-to-Mouth-and-Nose Resuscitation on a Child Under Age 8 or on an Infant, p. 1197). Blow one breath so that the chest rises.

* Continue, alternating five compressions and one breath, until help arrives.

CPR on an Infant

Basic CPR on an infant is five chest compressions and one breath.

1. To find a pulse, locate the brachial artery in the upper arm. It is located on the underside of the arm between muscle and bone. Use two fingers to feel for the pulse. 2. If the baby is not breathing, tilt the head back slightly to open the airway. Put a washcloth or thin pad of clothing under the baby’s shoulders. This keeps the head from assuming its naturally forward position. Form a seal with your mouth over the baby’s mouth and nose. Blow one breath (a smaller breath than you would give to an adult), so that the baby’s chest rises. 3. If the baby has no pulse, use two fingers to perform chest compressions. Place your fingers one finger width below an imaginary line connecting the infant’s nipples. Push down 1 inch with each compression. Count out loud: “1 and 2 and 3 and 4 and 5.” You may have to repeat the five compressions and one breath multiple times. You will push down on the chest 120 times per minute. Continue, alternating five compressions and one breath, until help arrives.

A Well-Stocked First-Aid Kit

A fishing tackle box or a rectangular sealed plastic container makes an ideal first-aid kit. It is wise to keep one in your home, car, boat, and camper. Stock your first-aid kit with the following items.
# One roll of absorbent cotton
# Antihistamine for allergic reactions
# Povidone-iodine antiseptic solution
# Aspirin (for adult use only) and acetaminophen and ibuprofen (in child and adult dosages)
# 1-inch wide adhesive tape
# Bacitracin ointment to treat cuts, scrapes, or puncture wounds
# Bandages in various sizes
# Bar of soap
# Butterfly bandages and thin adhesive strips to hold skin edges together
# Calamine lotion
# Cold pack
# Mouthpiece for protection when performing mouth-to-mouth resuscitation
# Cotton-tipped swabs
# Syrup of ipecac to induce vomit
# Elastic bandage or wrap
# Eyedropper for irrigating
# Flashlight
# 4-inch x 4-inch gauze pads
# Disposable surgical gloves
# Matches
# Saline eyedrops
# Scissors
# Safety pins
# Sewing needle to help remove a splinter
# Four packets of sugar in a sealed plastic bag to use in case of low blood sugar (see Diabetic Emergencies, p. 1206)
# Thermometer
# Two triangular pieces of cloth to use as slings or to cut up as bandages or straps
# Tweezers

خوب Stocked – کیت کمک های اولیه

ماهیگیری مقابله با جعبه یا ظرف پلاستیکی مستطیلی مهر و موم می سازد ایده آل کمک های اولیه کیت. عاقلانه است که نگه داشتن یک خود را در منزل ، ماشین ، قایق ، و camper. بانک کیت کمک های اولیه خود را با موارد زیر است.
# یک رول پنبه جاذب
# آنتی هیستامین برای واکنش های آلرژیک
# راه حل Povidone – ید ضدعفونی کننده
# آسپرین (برای استفاده تنها بزرگسالان) و استامینوفن و ایبوپروفن در کودکان و بزرگسالان دوزهای)
# 1 – نوار چسب اینچ گسترده
# باسیتراسین پماد برای درمان بریدگی ، خراش ، زخم یا سوراخ
# باند در اندازه های مختلف
# قالب صابون
# پروانه باند و نوار چسب لبه های نازک برای نگهداری پوست با هم
# لوسیون کالامین
# بسته سرد
# منادی برای حفاظت از هنگام اجرای دهان به دهان احیا
# مخفیگاه سواب پنبه
# شربت اپیکا برای القاء استفراغ
بانداژ # و یا بسته بندی کردن
# Eyedropper برای آبیاری
# چراغ قوه
# 4 – 4 – اینچ ایکس اینچ پد گاز
# دستکش یکبار مصرف جراحی
# مسابقات
# شور قطره های چشمی
# قیچی
# پین ایمنی
# سوزن دوخت برای کمک به حذف متلاشی شدن
# چهار بسته های شکر در کیسه های پلاستیکی به استفاده از مهر و موم شده در مورد قند خون پایین (نگاه کنید به اورژانس دیابتی ، ص 1206)
# دماسنج
# دو تکه سه گوش از پارچه برای استفاده به عنوان slings یا قطع کردن و یا به عنوان پانسمان تسمه
# موچین

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