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New Democratic Alliance of Senegal – NADEMS

July 12, 2010

New Democratic Alliance of Senegal NADEMS
Platform

Change For 2012

ORIENTATION PROGRAM FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF SENEGAL

January 2010

I – GENERAL GUIDANCE

The people of Senegal solemnly proclaimed its independence and its commitment to fundamental rights.

Guided by our motto ONE PEOPLE ONE GOAL ONE FAITH, Nadem also proclaims respect and guarantee the inviolable union and political freedoms, rights and freedoms of the individual, family and local communities,

Anxious to pave the way for the unity of African States and to provide perspectives that include this unity

Recognizing the need for political unity, cultural, economic and social need for the affirmation of the African personality,

Understands the historical, moral and material unite African states,

NADEMS will spare no effort in achieving the African Union.

The Republic of Senegal is a secular, democratic and social Republic. It ensures equality before the law for all citizens, without distinction of origin, race, sex, religion. It respects all beliefs.

New Democratic Alliance NADEMS, aims to win power by democratic means, to provide appropriate solutions to the problems of scientific, technological, economic, environmental, cultural and social development of Senegal and Africa.

This program is based on a set of steps, action plans and guidelines aiming towards a Project Company specifically Senegalese and African, based on Truth and Realism. It is a priority, the full development of all Senegalese inclusive, for the promotion and implementation of policies that reduce inequality, highlight the interest and reinforce the moral integrity and love of the nation.

II – STRATEGIES FOR REDUCTION OF INEQUALITY

All cities in Senegal hold to less than 1% of the country in terms of surface, monopolizing probably over 70% of investment and draining, and a significant proportion of the workforce. It engages mainly in tertiary and quaternary sectors and very little in the sectors of production. This disparity will be a major cause for all the other inequalities.

a) Inequality of opportunity
The inequality of opportunity will be eliminated between groups and between individuals, by giving every Senegalese equal chance of success and enjoyment of individual and collective responsibilities.

b) Inequalities in access to food
With the prospect of a reduction of food dependency vis-à-vis the exterior, the capacity of national agricultural production will be strengthened through increased investment in all sectors of the food chain and the preservation of natural resources.

c) Inequalities in access to Health Services
The inequities in access to health services will be reduced through a policy of training, construction, equipment sanitation and nutrition outreach and modern hospital facilities in each department of Senegal. The local medicine will be rehabilitated and provided with substantial resources to build, modernize and enhance its heritage, through appropriate research.

d) Inequalities in Access to Education and Training
The educational system must be open, but rooted in our cultural values, moral and religious, to give all the Senegalese intellectual disposition to receive the information through the school. Thus, social groups, as different as they are, choose the system of education adequate to their values and their environment, and receive a fair treatment from the state.

Science, Technology and Knowledge can be spoken in any language and any society. Today, Information Technology, Physical Sciences, Mathematics, Aeronautics or Aerospace, etc.., are divided into several other languages that formerly did not count. Most of the world’s more efficient technologies are manufactured by Japanese, Chinese.
Why not in our languages tomorrow?

The requirements of entry to school are not just learners (students), but especially teachers who are custodians of knowledge to share. The teacher must be a model of competence and virtue, freedom from want. It is the teacher of all the Company and, as such, it should deserve special attention and special treatment.

e) The urban-rural inequality
To reduce disparities between urban and rural areas, the basic option proposed by NADEMS. Rural development is based on the emergence of new poles of production based on massive establishment of rural industries around the Agriculture, Livestock, Fisheries, Natural Resources and Mining. It will, specifically, that the value chains of each sector, such as processing units, are also located in rural areas and not in town. In truth, it is the countryside which should instead be a showcase for the industry.

f) Gender inequalities
Sex, disability or age will not be a criterion for selection to participate in the development of the nation. Competence, merit and community service must be a reference to access any resource, including work, income and social services. Thus, will be enhanced access of women, youth, people of the 3rd age, disabled people and culturally vulnerable to all possibilities of economic and social development and the wealth of the nation.

g) Inequalities in access to housing and urban infrastructure and sanitation
A transparent policy of Habitat, democratic and social, inspired by our socio-economic realities will be defined. The Habitat will be available to the lowest incomes, including primary stakeholders. Large cities such as Dakar, Diourbel, Touba, Thies, Saint-Louis, Ziguinchor, Kaolack, Tambacounda, Matam, Kolda, Louga, Mbour Fatick Kaffrine Kédougou Sédhiou, etc.. will be the subject of urban planning of a new type, which supports the concept of new towns with economic vocation, without disturbing the original pattern of the ancient city.

III – MAJOR SECTORAL GUIDELINES

Agriculture Development
The agricultural policy must control at least 60% of agricultural production which today is determined at more than 60% by rainfall. Access and food availability must be free time to people, that which will enable people to do something else. Therefore, we will focus mainly on food security, which this time is summarized rather by the internal capacity to respond at any time to food demands. Furthermore, we will focus mainly on modern agriculture, competitive and generating revenue around new centers of production, processing, marketing and consumption.

Fisheries Development
Senegal has the natural environment for the development of fisheries resources. The Senegalese coast, once very rich in fish now suffer from intensive and non-discriminatory fishing. Fish is very scarce. It should, like the Agriculture and Livestock, turning to fish production through aquaculture, and especially the development of marine farms, while preserving our fisheries resources. Harvesting for Agriculture and Livestock hunting being over, fishing natural fish must be reconsidered in favor of a strategy of systematic production of fish. This strategy, where it arises, will involve the traditional fishermen, with an appropriate program of training, counseling and especially consequential investment.

Development of Trade and Industry
Like the emerging countries that have built their economic development through the Small and Medium Business (SMBs), Small and Medium Industries (SMIs), Nadem will lead a democratic and decentralized political creation of zones around the new poles of production and transformation.

Incentives will be taken to facilitate supervision, training, access to bank loans and financing, and especially when it comes to tax cuts. The long term aim is to achieve the creation of clusters of Small and Medium Industries (SMIs) in large industrial zones holding large financial resources or have access to important resources that can enable them to manufacture quality products that are highly competitive. The Micro Enterprise will receive special treatment as well as the Small and Medium Business (SMBs).

The purpose of this orientation program is to provide Senegal with an industrial fabric and quality service directed towards a quality goods for exportation toward the African continent and the world market.

Development of Sciences and Technologies
We must develop a scientific and technological culture in Senegal. All consumer products are products of technology that need to be under our control. Therefore, scientific research must be restored, strengthened and brought closer to the area of production. Similarly, producers and manufacturers must have a big stake the research and participate in its funding.

Disseminating results of research will be provided through extension services attached to universities and research facilities. In addition, an information system and sharing the results of the search will be implemented through meetings between researchers on the one hand, and between researchers and the public, on the other. Special arrangements will be diversified and sustained taken every opportunity to sanction back and support Discovery and Innovation.

Promotion of Technologies Information
The New Technologies of Information and Communication (NICT) has the advantage of being accessible to all people, in that they require only intelligence and access to training and tools and computer equipment. They are a factor in permanent contact with trade in goods and services. NADEMS will lean on New Technologies of Information and Communication (N.I.C.T.) to shorten the path to development.

Strengthening of Infrastructure, equipment and transportation
NADEMS embraces the logic of durable structuring infrastructure throughout the territory. Its policy in this area will be ambitious and diverse in design, construction, rehabilitation and maintenance of major infrastructure. These facilities include, also, social infrastructure such as hospitals and health centers, schools and universities, and productive infrastructure such as large pipes or water supplies with their pumping stations, etc.. Better, NADEMS will engage the private sector in this major initiative of national reconstruction.

African Integration and Diplomacy
The economies of our Independent States are not sustainable in the current context of globalization in all sectors. Only large groups and geographical demographic will weigh on global politics in the future. Africa must not ignore its position its geographical weight and its demographic weight for they all constitute a non-negligible and very attractive market in the future. The GDP is based on domestic market and foreign aid as financial resources. These two elements have shown evidence of the ineffectiveness of this strategy to develop individual African states. African integration is the answer to accelerate the economic growth of the continent.

The Mission or the Diplomatic Representation is generally oriented policy. Given the current challenges, the mission has to be mainly economic and commercial. Our embassies will be the gateway to investment and also commercial windows. Therefore, it is rather the experts who should be the backbone of Diplomacy and not vice versa.

National Defense and Homeland Security
The National Defense is primarily a matter of skilled human resources and adequate facilities. Apart from its defense mission, the Army must become involved in the development activities among populations on a daily basis. For this, NADEMS will insert into the curriculum of military training of other skills that are civilian skills. Besides the Health and Civil Engineering that are already incorporated in Agronomy, Fisheries, Industry, etc.., must complete the training of military. The discipline and rigor of military assets will make way for civilian-military integration. Internal security will be decentralized and not concentrated, and will involve all localities because it’s a national effort.

Justice
It must be independent, competent, impartial and incorruptible. NADEMS emphasize on the separation of powers by creating a wall between the powers of the government. The Judiciary will be especially strengthened by increased human resources and technical quality, to eliminate all delays that hamper the sector. The judicial powers will be sought and more involved in the preparation and negotiation of economic programs and contracts that underpin them.

Energy and Mines
The politics of energy and mining research in Senegal should be strengthened, because the geographical position and geological characteristics of Senegal indicate very interesting provisions for mining and energy. It is in these sensitive and strategic areas that we need to ensure adequate and national control.
In the field of Energy, NADEMS will act differently. First, it will play on the natural assets of Senegal in the field while exploiting all the possibilities. For this purpose, a real “School of Energy” at all levels of training will be established wherever necessary. Research will be specially equipped with means for establishing a good policy of intelligence. In this area, it will instead turn the wheel rather than invent it. Then Nadem will develop a research strategy endogenous, sustained through a policy of cooperation with partnering countries.

In the field of Mines, Senegal, according to preliminary results, is preparing to become a mining country. NADEMS will ensure that the economic benefits of mining are beneficial to the populations at large. Better yet, the income of the mine should not be used to balance the food trade still in huge deficit, but to strengthen the agricultural production potential and therefore enabling the country to liberate itself from dependence on food.

Promoting tourism and economic development of the Craft
In Senegal, spring lasts 9 months in the coastal strip. If all migratory birds and fish converge to Senegal during this period, the same reason could also inspire a long period of tourism. But this is not enough. The geographical position of Senegal, which practically places it almost at the center of the world, midway between Europe and Africa on the one hand, and between the Americas and Asia on the other hand, is crucial to make the country a destination of choice, if an intelligent policy of Tourism is coupled with a policy choice to make Senegal an economic hub of global importance. Indeed, simply placing concentric circles whose center is Dakar, to realize that in less than 8 hours of flying around, we can cover the world usefully. Senegal is a natural hub. Tourism development can therefore legitimately rely on a mastery of aerial transportation.

Craftsmanship will naturally follow the trends of tourism development. But NADEMS still brings its touch to focus on the one single factor that triggers the operation of the system, ie the sensitive point. Indeed, the production tool of the craftsman is often outdated or obsolete. It needs only an upgrade to improve the rendering of his work and, most importantly, increase its productivity.

Promoting a Sustainable Environment
The global energy crisis and climate change that comes with it will determine for a long time, the contours of the global environmental, macro and micro. Therefore, environmental policies should be targeted, particularly at these levels. If the origins of major floods and droughts are still very little known, their real impact on localities and on individuals are far less known. The environmental degradation leads, generally to a cycle that shakes like a cascade of calamities and disasters. For instance, drought leads to deforestation, erosion of soil occurs by too much rainfall which then leads to poor returns for farmers. NADEMS will promote a dual approach whereby the conservation, protection and preservation of the environment must be coupled with the concept of “Environmental Production” which will basically be at the base of the restoration of degraded ecosystems and stimulation of virtuous circles, in both rural and urban areas.

Health
The low life expectancy is not commensurate with the challenges that remain in Senegal and Africa. NADEMS will ensure that all health indicators contribute to increasing significantly, the life expectancy, including:
– A substantial reduction of infant mortality and morbidity in general;
– An intense struggle against the vectors of endemic diseases and sanitation environments pathogens;
– Awareness of women and especially girls’ education;
– Construction and equipment of systematic modern hospitals in each department of the country;
– Development of human resources at all levels where “school” will remain the crucible of awareness.

Youth
With more than 70% of its population aged under 35 years, Africa is an incredibly young continent. It is likely to remains very young for a long time to come with its current rate of population growth. This situation calls for youth policy in particular, precisely defuse the demographic risk that entails, and especially to the youth of the major asset of the development of Senegal and Africa. NADEMS will focus on mendatory education, from kindergarten to the age of 18. The youth will thus continue to lend heavily in technical and vocational training, based on a solid introduction to morality. The lifeblood of the population is then ready to take charge.

Planning and Forecasting
The urgency of finding solutions to all problems facing Senegal, should not obscure the urgent need to plan, schedule, especially to anticipate. Planning and foresight are more essential than our counterparts in the international cooperation that will challenge us on issues concerning the near and long term. NADEMS will put in place study teams, foresight teams and planning teams, to develop all the scenarios in order to always enable Senegal to choose among possible futures, one we really want to have. For now, nothing is more urgent to point to always rush to accumulate failures and missed each time, the actual appointment of Development.

Economy
Everything is urgent and everything is a priority in a poor country with low production and productivity, with an annual GDP of only 8 billion dollars per year for a population of 11 million inhabitants. At the end of colonization in 1960, the independent Senegal inherit that annual GDP of 0.6 Billion Dollars per year. In 1980, at the end of the first Presidency, the GDP had increased by $ 3 billion per year. In 2000, the second President of the Republic left in Senegal with 4.6 Billion Dollars of GDP per year. Today, after just under 50 years of independence, the GDP stagnated even below the 8.6 Billion Dollars per year, despite efforts in recent years and the fluctuating dollar.

In truth, Senegal has added $ 8 billion to its GDP in 50 years. In how many years, then can Senegal reach Egypt that has a GDP of $100 Billion Dollars in 2006? If we apply the same economic policies, it may take the rule of 3 to find the answer, alas! Senegal’s GDP will reach $ 100 billion in 625 years. This hypothesis, however plausible, stands as a truly impenetrable wall in front of the future of an entire people.

This is why NADEMS proposes a different way to do politic. A Realistic Economy based, first, on understanding the real problem and the identification of an appropriate approach that leaves the beaten path. For the Senegal can never afford to move so slowly, to the risk of seeing its youth deny its own identity in order to escape the realities, sometimes at the cost of their own lives to choose to live in another country or another nation.

All major world economies which emphasized agriculture and farming came out better than others. The proof of the great agricultural nation run today, the World. In Africa, the example of Egypt is eloquent. This country is the largest agricultural GDP in Africa, yet it does not rain a drop. Its whole agricultural system is irrigated.

An intelligent education should avoid non-technically oriented institutes, while the Vocational Training Institutes are empty. A range of development-oriented production has the advantage of controlling demand, without suffering a haemorrhage of foreign exchange. NADEMS leads a development policy based on the Science and Technology Mastering, whatever the price to be paid immediately because the real issue of development could be easily found in fast growth, without ever stopping. But realism take command of the shortest of all: the integration of all Africa.

NADEMS
NEW DEMOCRATIC ALLIANCE OF SENEGAL
SAMBA KARA NDIAYE

French Version: Nouvelle Alliance Démocratique du Sénégal – NADEMS

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10 Comments leave one →
  1. July 13, 2010 4:00 am

    Dakar has hosted the All Africa Games and several Africa Cup football (soccer) championships. Taniyah Other

  2. July 17, 2010 3:04 am

    Wow now thats perspective! I think we often react in agreement or disagreement because of our emotions, but hearing another side, passionately presented, really makes us think!

  3. February 12, 2011 4:56 am

    Now, this is a nice beginning however i’ll have to consider that a little bit more. Will show you what more i’ve found.

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